- Use ANSI Z87.1 certified industrial eye protection with Z87 on the frames and/or lens.
- Wear safety glasses with side protection at a minimum.
- Many workers should wear goggles.
- Consider hybrid eye safety products with comfort of glasses, the protection of goggles and better breathability.
- Face-shield over glasses or goggles offers greater protection.
- A full-face respirator offers the best protection.
- Welders should use a welding helmet or goggles with the appropriate lens tint.
- Welder's helpers, other workers, and bystanders must have welding light protection when in the vicinity of welding or torch cutting.
|Eye Hazards for Emergency Response and Disaster Recovery
- Common hazards
- Concrete, dust, and metal particles
- Shifting or falling debris, glass, or building materials
- Noxious/poisonous gases, smoke
- Chemicals (bases, acids, fuels, solvents, lime, wet or dry cement)
- Electrical arc and welding light
- Fires and thermal hazards
- Bloodborne pathogens (HIV or hepatitis) from blood, body fluids, human remains
- Common injuries
- Corneal abrasions and conjunctivitis (red eyes)
- Concrete or metal particles or slivers embedded in the eye
- Chemical splash or burn
- Welder's flashburn
- Eyeball laceration
- Facial contusion and black eye
- Bloodborne pathogen exposure from blood or other body fluids or human remains
|4 Points to Eye Safety
- Common hazards
- Have a safe work environment.
- Minimize falling hazards and unstable materials.
- Insure that tools work properly and safety features such as machine guards are in place and being utilized properly.
- Insure that workers and especially volunteers know how to properly use tools.
- Keep bystanders out of hazard areas.
- Evaluate your safety hazards
- Know your primary hazards.
- Recognize hazards from nearby workers, large machinery, and falling/shifting debris.
- Require proper eye and face protection whenever workers are in the area.
- Select the proper Z87 eye protection for the hazard.
- Insure the eye protection is in good condition.
- Insure of proper fit and that the eye protection stays in place.
- Recognize that eye/face protection devices should not be solely relied upon for complete protection.
- Have well-stocked first-aid kits readily available for eye injuries and other first aid needs.
|Types of Eye Protection
Use certified eye protection. Always look for the Z87 mark on the lens or frames
|Use the darkest shade possible
|Electric arc welding
|Use Z136 eye protection for
laser light hazards (NOT Z87)
|Eye Safety for Prescription Lens Wearers
Use polycarbonate or Trivex® lenses for the best
impact protection in prescription safety glasses.
- Prescription Safety Glasses
- Workers who wear prescription glasses should wear tightfitting goggles over their normal glasses or contact lenses.
- Use polycarbonate lenses for the best impact protection in prescription safety glasses.
- Goggles should be worn over prescription safety glasses in high dust areas.
- If worn alone, prescription glasses must have side shields.
- Prescription safety lenses with acrylic plastic lenses or tempered glass are not suitable for high impact. They should not be used when working in debris areas unless covered by face shield or goggles.
- Polycarbonate lenses with hard-coating to reduce scratching should be used when working in high impact areas.
- Contact lenses might present a significant corneal abrasion risk when working in dusty areas unless full-face respirator or tightfitting goggles are worn.
- Full-face respirators will not seal properly over safety glasses or streetwear glasses. Prescription inserts compatible with a respirator should be used and should be professionally fitted.
|Use ANSI Z87.1 Certified Safety Protection
Always look for the Z87 mark on the frame or lens
Shake, brush, or vacuum dust and debris from hardhats, forehead, hair, or the tip of the eye protection before removing protection to prevent foreign substances in the eye.
Clean eyewear regularly. Beware of rubbing eyes with dirty hands or clothing.
|First Aid for Eye Injuries
- Specks in the Eye
- DO NOT RUB EYES!
- Use an eye wash; flush eye copiously.
- Contact a doctor if the speck does not wash out or if pain or redness continues
- Cuts, punctures, objects stuck in the eye.
- Do not wash out the eye!
- Do not try to remove an object stuck in the eye.
- Stabilize the eye with a rigid shield without pressure such as using the bottom half of a paper cup.
- SEE A DOCTOR AT ONCE!
- Chemical Burns
- Immediately flush eye with water or any drinkable liquid. Open the eye as wide as possible. Continue flushing for at least 15 minutes. For caustic or basic solutions continue flushing while in route to doctor.
- If a contact lens is in the eye, begin flushing over the lens immediately. Flushing may dislodge the lens.
- See a doctor at once.
- Blows to the eye
- Apply cold compress without pressure.
- Crushed ice compress such as in a plastic bag can be taped to the forehead to rest gently on the injured eye.
- See a doctor at once in cases of reduced vision, continued pain, blood in the eye or discoloration which can mean internal eye damage.